The current development of high-pressure research worldwide was stimulated not only by achievments in the design of high-pressure devices such as diamond anvil cells (DAC) and multi-anvil apparati. The availability of such high-brilliance X-ray sources as synchrotron facilities allows us to study the structure of materials under extreme conditions (in situ). Here you can find the list of light sources equipped for high-pressure experiments which are in a collaboration with our research team.
For a full list of light sources of the World visit lightsources.org.
The Advanced Photon Source (APS) at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory provides this nation’s (in fact, this hemisphere’s) brightest storage ring-generated X-ray beams for research in almost all scientific disciplines. These X-rays allow scientists to pursue new knowledge about the structure and function of materials in the center of the Earth and in outer space, and all points in between. The knowledge gained from this research can impact the evolution of combustion engines and microcircuits, aid in the development of new pharmaceuticals, and pioneer nanotechnologies whose scale is measured in billionths of a meter, to name just a few examples. These studies promise to have far-reaching impact on our technology, economy, health, and our fundamental knowledge of the materials that make up our world.
The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) is the most powerful synchrotron radiation source in Europe. Each year several thousand researchers travel to Grenoble, where they work in a first-class scientific environment to conduct exciting experiments at the cutting edge of modern science. A synchrotron is a stadium-sized machine that produces many beams of bright X-ray light. Each beam is guided through a set of lenses and instruments called a beamline, where the X-rays illuminate and interact with samples of material being studied. Many countries operate synchrotrons—there are 10 in Europe—but only four worldwide are similar in design and power to the ESRF. At more than 40 specialised experimental stations on our beamlines, physicists work side by side with chemists and materials scientists. Biologists, medical doctors, meteorologists, geophysicists and archaeologists have become regular users. Companies also send researchers, notably in the fields of pharmaceuticals, consumer products, petrochemicals and microelectronics.
SPring-8 is a large synchrotron radiation facility which delivers the most powerful synchrotron radiation currently available. Consisting of narrow, powerful beams of electromagnetic radiation, synchrotron radiation is produced when electron beams, accelerated to nearly the speed of light, are forced to travel in a curved path by a magnetic field. The research conducted at SPring-8, located in Harima Science Park City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, includes nanotechnology, biotechnology and industrial applications. The name "SPring-8" is derived from "Super Photon ring-8 GeV" (8 GeV, or 8 giga electron volts, being the power output of the ring).
The shared research center "Siberian Synchrotron and Terahertz Radiation Centre" specializes in basic and applied research associated with the use of synchrotron and terahertz radiation, development and making of pilot apparatus and equipment for such work, and development and creation of specialized sources of synchrotron and terahertz radiation. The Center was created based on the laboratories of Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS and has the status of an open laboratory, the activity of which may involve Russian and foreign organizations and individuals. The Centre bases its activity on the major electrophysical installations: electron/positron storage rings VEPP-3 and VEPP-4M, serving as sources of synchrotron radiation, and Novosibirsk Free Electron Laser, a source of terahertz radiation.
The PETRA accelerator on the DESY site in Hamburg is now operating as the most brilliant storage ring based X-ray source worldwide. The PETRA III project is the third reincarnation for the PETRA storage ring, which was built as an electron-positron collider in the 1980s and later became a pre-accelerator for the proton-electron collider HERA. The overall budget of the PETRA III project was €225 million, shared between the German Federal Government (90%) and the City of Hamburg (10%). The particle energy of the storage ring was chosen to be 6 GeV which is a compromise between achieving a small horizontal emittance and providing high photon flux in the energy range of 50–150 keV. The beam current is initially limited to 100 mA, however, all components handling heat load or dealing with radiation safety have been designed for a current of at least 200 mA in order to leave room for further upgrades.